I offer three levels of copy editing:

Proofreading: This is the most basic service, providing correction of spelling, grammar, punctuation errors, and basic formatting. It is the final edit of a text, carried out after copy editing to catch any possible errors not corrected during the edit.

Basic Copy Editing: This includes proofreading, along with a review of sentence and paragraph structure, stylistic consistency, clarity of meaning, word usage, logical flow, redundancies, word repetition, discrepancies, cross-reference checking, numbering accuracy, and other fundamental elements of composition, and it includes querying the author when revisions cannot be made based on the editor's judgment or a set of rules. 

Substantive Copy Editing: This includes all the above tasks, along with in-depth suggestions to the author for the overall improvement of content, including deletion of repeated or inappropriate content, discretionary deletion of content to fit the text to a prescribed word count, suggestions for additional content and improving logical flow, basic fact checking, and improving chapter titles and subheads. It will involve some rewriting, or suggestions for rewriting. This service may be appropriate for fiction manuscripts, theses, and other major nonfiction documents. It may also be helpful to writers for whom English is a second language (ESL).

More information about editing levels can be found at these sites, where I am listed as an editor: and

To ascertain which of my services is appropriate for you, send me two or three sample pages for my review.

Examples of Documents


  • advertising copy
  • audiovisual texts
  • blog copy
  • brochure
  • capability statement
  • catalog copy
  • fact sheet
  • marketing plan
  • media/press release
  • newsletter/magazine articles
  • proposal
  • report
  • request for proposal
  • training manual
  • website content
  • white paper

Academic (mainly humanities)

  • dissertation
  • essay
  • journal article
  • textbook/reference book
  • thesis

Nonprofit Organization

  • development plan
  • grant proposal


  • cover/query letter
  • fiction/nonfiction manuscript
  • resume

My copy editing and proofreading services cover most types of documents. If the above list does not show the type of document you need to have edited, contact me to discuss your project. I use Microsoft Word software in the Windows 10 operating system. I also offer basic edits of PDF files using Adobe Acrobat X Pro. I edit American, Australian, British, and Canadian English and ESL documents. I return edited documents by e-mail. I can also handle hard copy if absolutely necessary.

 Member, Editorial Freelancers Association

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